Sidjus Reidarje Sauilis observes a lunisolar calendar of twelve lunar months with a leap month every three years. This format is based on other ancient calendars, such as the pre-Julian Roman calendar and Bede’s Anglo-Saxon calendar. Following the precedent of Bede’s calendar, the SRS calendar inserts the intercalary month in the summer.
SRS dates its calendar years based on Cniva’s invasion of Moesia and conquest of Philippopolis in 250 CE, when scholars generally agree the Goths distinguished themselves from other, neighboring peoples for the first time. This year marks the beginning of the era SRS calls After Cniva’s Wrath.
It is currently Year 1771 ACW.
Unlike other lunisolar calendars, the new year of the SRS calendar is celebrated on a full moon instead of a new moon, usually in January. However, the month containing that full moon is the first month of the new year. The days between that new moon and the following full moon are called Drobna (“trouble”), and that period of time is considered to exist “between the years.”
The months of the year are based partially on other early Germanic calendars, such as Bede’s and Charlemagne’s, and partially on SRS myth. They begin on the new moon, when the waxing crescent of the moon is first visible in the sky, and end on the dark moon, when no sunlight is reflected by the moon to Earth — typically the day before the new moon.
- Wintrumenoþs, from the Gothic wintrus (“winter”), based on Charlemagne’s calendar.
- Fardimenoþs, from the reconstructed Gothic word *farþs (“journey, travel”), which comes from Proto-Germanic *fardiz. It is based on SRS mythos.
- Hrodimenoþs, from the reconstructed Gothic word *hroþs (“glory, fame, triumph”), which comes from the Proto-Germanic *hrōþiz. It is based on both SRS mythos and Bede’s calendar.
- Uhtwomenoþs, from the Gothic word uhtwo (“dawn, daybreak”), based on all early Germanic calendars referencing the Anglo-Saxon goddess Ēostre for this month’s name. The dawn is commonly associated with Ēostre, hence the calque. It is also the symbolic dawn of the year according to SRS mythos.
- Anstimenoþs, from the Gothic word ansts (“joy”), based on the 16th century Carolingian month Wunnemânôt.
- Baunamenoþs, from the reconstructed Gothic word *bauna (“bean”), which comes from the Proto-Germanic *baunō. It is based on the ancient Roman festival Kalendae fabariae, or Bean-Kalends.
- Sumaramenoþs, from the reconstructed Gothic word *sumars (“summer”), which comes from the Proto-Germanic *sumaraz. This is the intercalary month that is inserted every three years.
- Hawimenoþs, from the Gothic word hawi (“grass, hay”), based on Charlemagne’s calendar.
- Asanimenoþs, from the Gothic word asans (“harvest”), based on Charlemagne’s calendar.
- Milukamenoþs, from the Gothic word miluks (“milk”), based on SRS mythos.
- Riqizamenoþs, from the Gothic word riqiza (“darkness, twilight”), based on SRS mythos. This month is the symbolic twilight of the year.
- Saudimenoþs, from the Gothic word sauþs (“sacrifice”), based on Bede’s calendar.
- Hailagamenoþs, from the Gothic word hailags (“holy, sacred”), based on Charlemagne’s calendar.
Days are from midnight to midnight like the solar Gregorian calendar. SRS observes seven solar days in each week. Weeks marked by a waxing moon are Dagos Usstandandans (“Rising Days”), and weeks marked by a waning moon are Dagos Gadauþnandans (“Dying Days”).
While there are attested words for Friday (paraskaiwe), Saturday (sabbato or sambato), and Sunday (dags afarsabbate) in Gothic, they are Christian terms. Therefore, the days of the week of the SRS calendar are based on interpretatio Gothica of the ancient Roman weekdays. It is similar to the Anglo-Saxon days of the week in that Saturday is borrowed directly from Latin as a loanword.
- Menadags (“Mena’s day”) for Monday
- Teiwisdags (“Teiws’ day”) for Tuesday
- Gaptisdags (“Gapt’s day”) for Wednesday
- Fairguneisdags (“Fairguneis’ day”) for Thursday
- Laguhwaþonsdags (“Laguhwaþo’s day”) for Friday
- Saturnausdags (“Saturn’s day”) for Saturday
- Sauilisdags (“Sauil’s day”) for Sunday
The SRS calendar has threefold meaning.
First, it describes the yearly myth of the tradition, from the creation of the universe (called the cosmogonic act) during Wintrumenoþs until the scattering of the gods in endless war during Saudimenoþs and Hailagamenoþs. However, it is important to remember that the myths occur in a cycle without a true beginning or end, whereas the human perception of time is only a linear, forward progression. That is why some mythic events early in the year take place after mythic events later in the year.
Second, the SRS calendar follows the history of the ancient Gothic peoples and their migration across Europe. Some holidays celebrate historic events with a mythic twist, and some historic individuals are venerated as mythic ancestors throughout the year.
Third, the year is the day on a macro scale. The months of summer are the daytime when Sauil is present, and the months of winter are the nighttime when She is gone. This reflects the myths as well. And because days are measured from midnight to midnight, the year also starts in darkness and ends in darkness.
The SRS calendar observes three holy days each month: one on the new moon, one on the full moon, and one on the dark moon. While the new and full moon holidays are all unique, the holiday celebrated on the dark moon, called Ustauhtimats, is the same every month.
Click on the links below to learn more about each holiday.
- Monthly Dark Moon: Ustauhtimats
- Wintrumenoþs New Moon: Jiuleis
- Wintrumenoþs Full Moon: Inniujiþa
- Fardimenoþs New Moon: Dulþs Frumareikis
- Fardimenoþs Full Moon: Spillahsdagos
- Hrodimenoþs New Moon: Dulþs Jiukos
- Hrodimenoþs Full Moon: Hrodidagos
- Uhtwomenoþs New Moon: Nahts Liubaleika
- Uhtwomenoþs Full Moon: Eponosdulþs
- Anstimenoþs New Moon: Blomadulþs
- Anstimenoþs Full Moon: Dulþs Alareikis
- Baunamenoþs New Moon: Baunadulþs
- Baunamenoþs Full Moon: Dagos Funiskai
- Sumaramenoþs New Moon: Haifsts Broþre
- Sumaramenoþs Full Moon: Stauosdags
- Hawimenoþs New Moon: Midjasumars
- Hawimenoþs Full Moon: Donawisdulþs
- Asanimenoþs New Moon: Asans
- Asanimenoþs Full Moon: Nahts Fastands
- Milukamenoþs New Moon: Milukadags
- Milukamenoþs Full Moon: Dulþs Þiudareikis
- Riqizamenoþs New Moon: Deisedags
- Riqizamenoþs Full Moon: Fulhsni
- Saudimenoþs New Moon: Gaunoþus
- Saudimenoþs Full Moon: Affarþeis
- Hailagamenoþs New Moon: Wintrudulþs
- Hailagamenoþs Full Moon: Munisnahts
Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm. Deutsches Wörterbuch. Leipzig: S. Hirzel Verlag, 1854-1960.
Wallance, Faith. Bede: The Reckoning of Time. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1999.
Wikipedia. “Early Germanic calendars.” Accessed October 31, 2020. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Early_Germanic_calendars.
Wolfram, Herwig. History of the Goths. Translated by Thomas J. Dunlap. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1988.